By now, the debate over whether the world needs to transition to a zero-carbon economy has gone mainstream.
The debate, as I have written before, has been fuelled by a series of important and often contradictory arguments about the future of human civilisation.
But it has also been shaped by a number of important questions.
Are we in the midst of the greatest existential crisis in the history of the human species?
How are we to design a transition to such a society?
What should we do about the carbon that accumulates in the atmosphere?
Should we simply stop burning it?
Is there any way of keeping the planet from becoming too carbon-intensive to produce useful things?
And is there a way of getting the global economy back on track?
To answer these questions, I spoke to a number different experts on this issue.
The answer was, yes.
So, in the interests of full disclosure, I am also an expert in these issues, and so am some of the other people I spoke with.
I also wanted to share my own views on these issues in the hope that they might help the wider public make sense of the debate.
But before I do that, I want to make one very important point.
There are many different views on the issue of climate change.
There are many reasons why some people think that it is urgent.
There is also a great deal of disagreement about the nature of the problem.
The way forward, then, is a complicated one.
It is not always obvious to everyone, and it is not necessarily clear to the public.
In this article I have been using the term “carbon economy” to describe a system in which the human population uses fewer and fewer fossil fuels to power our civilization, while continuing to invest in renewable energy sources like wind and solar.
This is not an easy task.
We are all aware of the problems we face with our consumption of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
We also know that our energy needs are growing exponentially, as are the costs of climate mitigation.
It is therefore tempting to say that, while the world will be “carbon-neutral” in the long run, we will need to do everything we can to make it so.
But there are many problems to overcome, some of which will be hard to tackle in the short term.
We are not on the verge of “carbon neutrality” at all.
We have only recently started to transition from the pre-industrial era to a low-carbon one.
We must be careful not to over-simplify the situation, because it is likely to be difficult to get to a point where we can say that we are “carbon neutral”.
To get to that point, it is important to recognise the fact that the world is not in the middle of a carbon crisis.
It will not be until the middle to late 2020s that we see a significant shift from a fossil-fuel-based economy to one based on renewable energy.
It could be decades, or it could be a generation.
But the important thing is that we need to recognise that this is a process that will take a lot longer than we think, and will take place in an environment in which we are not all living in harmony with one another.
The key to avoiding the crisis is to avoid an energy-based economic system in the first place.
If we are to avoid the worst effects of climate catastrophe, we need a system that is not reliant on fossil fuels.
This means avoiding fossil fuels that have a high carbon content, such as coal, oil, and gas, which are currently the dominant sources of fossil fuels in the world.
A carbon-free society means a low carbon economy.
Carbon dioxide is the primary greenhouse gas.
A carbon neutral economy will require a system where we are able to capture and store carbon dioxide in the form of solar and wind power and use it to produce electricity.
This will mean that the production of energy will continue to be based on renewables, and we will be able to produce a much higher level of output than we have in the past.
Even if we can capture carbon dioxide for future use, we cannot use it until it is released back into the atmosphere.
That means we will have to use more energy in the future.
We need to shift away from burning fossil fuels for a longer period of time, or we will continue consuming fossil fuels at an ever-increasing rate.
At the moment, we have a fossil fuel-based system that requires a lot of energy to operate.
We can use the money we earn from fossil fuels instead of investing in clean energy sources.
And we need our energy systems to be able and willing to adjust to changes in the climate.
Our energy systems need to be designed so that the current systems can adapt and adapt to changes to the climate, even if these changes are slow and unpredictable